Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon: Vikram Lander Named On Dr. Vikram Sarabhai the Lander is a technological marvel
Bangalore,25 August(City Times): Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon:Chandrayaan-3’s remarkable journey culminated in a successful soft landing on the moon. This achievement propelled India into an elite league of nations that have managed to successfully touch down on the lunar landscape.
Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon: With this feat, India joins a select group of four countries that have accomplished this remarkable task.The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has shared an exciting video from Chandrayaan-3 Taken by Vikram Lander showcasing the rover Pragyan on the moon’s surface. This achievement marks a significant step in India’s space exploration journey.
Unique Lunar Challenges
Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon: ISRO acknowledges that the moon’s surface poses numerous challenges, particularly to spacecraft attempting to navigate and operate there. These challenges include lunar dust and extreme temperatures, both of which can impact the functionality of moving components on the spacecraft.
A Step Closer to Lunar Exploration
Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon: This wasn’t India’s first attempt at reaching the moon’s surface. Prior missions like Chandrayaan-2 faced setbacks, with its lander crashing in September 2019. Chandrayaan-3’s accomplishment holds special significance, as it marks a major step towards achieving a soft landing near the moon’s South Pole.
Exploring New Frontiers
Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon: The South Pole of the moon, a challenging and relatively unexplored region, holds great promise for discovery. Unlike previous missions that focused on the equatorial region, Chandrayaan-3’s achievement opens doors to delve into the mysteries of the lunar South Pole, known for its craters and deep trenches.
Unlocking Lunar Secrets
Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon:Chandrayaan-3’s mission is not only about exploration; it also aims to unravel the moon’s hidden secrets. One of the most valuable resources, lunar water ice, is a focal point. The findings from this mission could greatly expand our understanding of this crucial resource and enhance our knowledge of the moon’s composition.
The successful landing and subsequent explorations by Chandrayaan-3 mark a significant step forward in India’s space journey, bringing us closer to understanding the mysteries of our celestial neighbor.
nderstanding Chandrayaan-3’s Vision
Chandrayaan-3 Rover on Moon:The Vikram Lander, a pivotal component of India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission, encompasses a homegrown Lander module (LM), a Propulsion module (PM), and a Rover, all designed to pioneer and exhibit novel technologies necessary for interplanetary voyages. This ambitious project echoes the Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) dedication to advancing scientific knowledge and technological expertise on a global scale.
Homage to a Pioneer: Vikram Sarabhai
Named in tribute to Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, the visionary pioneer behind India’s foray into space exploration, the Vikram Lander is more than a technological marvel; it’s a testament to the legacy of a space icon.
A Leap Towards Soft Landing and Lunar Analysis
Distinguished by its ability to gracefully touch down on a designated lunar site and deploy the Pragyan Rover, the Vikram Lander’s mission extends to conducting in-situ chemical analyses of the moon’s surface during its journey.
Modules with a Mission
Both the Lander and Rover house scientific payloads, poised to conduct intricate experiments on the lunar terrain. The Propulsion Module (PM) shoulders the vital responsibility of transporting the Lander Module from launch vehicle injection to the moon’s final 100 km circular polar orbit, eventually disengaging the LM from PM.
Beyond the Basics: Enhanced Capabilities
While fulfilling its primary objectives, the Propulsion Module presents an additional scientific payload, intensifying its value after separation from the Lander Module. This enriches the scope of Chandrayaan-3’s exploration.
Vikram’s Voyage Duration
Vikram Lander and Pragyan Rover are primed for a mission life spanning one lunar day, equivalent to around 14 Earth days. Intriguingly, ISRO remains optimistic about the possibility of their extended functionality, potentially lasting beyond the initially projected period.
Technological Triumphs in Vikram Lander
Chandrayaan-3 showcases several cutting-edge technologies embedded within the Vikram Lander, including Laser & RF-based Altimeters, Laser Doppler Velocimeter & Lander Horizontal Velocity Camera, Laser Gyro-based Inertial referencing and Accelerometer package, and a sophisticated Propulsion System with Throttleable Liquid Engines and attitude thrusters.
Navigating Challenges: Soft Landing and Autonomous Descent
The most anticipated and critical phase of Vikram’s journey is the powered descent, aptly referred to as the ’17 minutes of terror’. During this period, the Lander must autonomously execute engine firings, fuel consumption management, obstacle detection, and altitude adjustments for a flawless soft landing.
Precise Choreography for a Safe Landing
Amidst the orchestrated ballet of the lunar voyage, ISRO’s choreography encompasses reducing velocity from 30 km height to landing, accompanied by a complex spacecraft reorientation from horizontal to vertical.
A New Dawn: Awaiting Descent
As the sun sets on the anticipation of Chandrayaan-3, the Vikram Lander stands poised for action. Internal checks and the hopeful sunrise at the designated landing site mark the preparatory phase. The countdown begins for the exhilarating powered descent, projected to initiate around 5:45 pm on Wednesday, catapulting India into the elite group of lunar explorers.
In this intricate celestial ballet, ISRO’s Vikram Lander is set to paint a tale of innovation, exploration, and unwavering commitment to pushing the boundaries of space technology.