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ISRO Chief S Somanath Explained Why Moon’s South Pole Was Identified For Soft Landing Of Chandrayaan-3, What Steps were Taken To Make Mission successful

ISRO Chief S Somanath said-The first year was spent figuring out what went wrong with Chandrayaan-2, the next year we revised everything. The last 2 years we conducted tests For Chandrayaan-3

Bengaluru,25 August(City Times): ISRO Chief S Somanath: In a recent exclusive interview, ISRO Chief S Somanath shed light on the exceptional journey of Chandrayaan-3, detailing the challenges it overcame to successfully achieve a soft landing on the moon’s surface. Addressing the hurdles faced during the mission, S Somanath emphasized that a new approach was required after Chandrayaan-2’s hard landing, as no recoverable data was obtained from the lunar surface.

what Happened in First Year

ISRO Chief S Somanath:”The first year was spent figuring out what went wrong with Chandrayaan-2, the next year we revised everything. The last 2 years we conducted tests,” S Somanath explained. Despite setbacks caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, he noted that ISRO continued to make strides in its rocket launches.

Importance of South Pole

ISRO Chief S Somanath: “The Chandrayaan-3 mission was specially designed for a landing on the south pole or near it. The South Pole holds immense scientific potential, particularly regarding the presence of water and minerals on the moon,” Mr. Somanath highlighted. He added that the mission’s instruments are meticulously geared toward exploring these significant areas of scientific inquiry.

India In Elite Club

ISRO Chief S Somanath: This achievement is significant, as Chandrayaan-3 accomplished a successful soft landing near the moon’s South Pole, a region less explored in previous lunar missions. With the mission’s success, India joins the elite club of nations with the capability to achieve a controlled landing on the challenging lunar terrain.

A Successful Descent

The descent of India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission’s Vikram lander to the moon’s surface was a tense yet uneventful moment. The lander, part of India’s lunar exploration, gradually descended using its thrusters, hovered as it approached the rocky surface, and gently settled on the dust-covered terrain.

Triumph at Touchdown

As confirmation arrived that the lander had safely touched down, the control room’s anxiety transformed into cheers and applause. With this achievement, India becomes the first nation to land a probe at the moon’s challenging south pole. This region, marked by perpetual shadows and ice-filled craters, holds the potential to provide vital resources like water, oxygen, and fuel for future space missions.

A Technical Feat

Despite being half a century after the last Apollo mission, landing on the moon remains an impressive technical accomplishment. India now joins the elite club of countries—United States, China, and the former Soviet Union—that have achieved a controlled landing on the lunar surface. The fact that India chose the challenging south pole for this feat adds to its significance.

The Challenges of Polar Landing

According to experts, landing at the moon’s poles is considerably tougher than at the equator. Releasing the lander from a polar orbit is a unique challenge, and India’s success demonstrates its capability in tackling such complex tasks. No country, including the United States, has previously landed anything at the moon’s poles.

Prestige and Global Recognition

The successful landing enhances the reputation of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). This achievement comes shortly after Russia’s Luna-25 mission faced failure. By cementing its position in space exploration, India showcases its scientific and engineering prowess on the global stage.

Prime Minister’s Pride

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who observed the event from the BRICS summit in South Africa, proudly declared, “India is on the moon.” He conveyed that space exploration is not limited to specific regions and that all countries, including those from the global south, have the capability to achieve such remarkable milestones.

India’s Growing Role in Space

This achievement comes at a crucial time for India’s space ambitions. With the privatization of rocket launches and plans for expansion through foreign investment, India aims to establish itself as a significant player in the global launch market. As space agencies worldwide prepare to return to the moon, India’s success strengthens its position as a low-cost provider of launch services. India’s successful soft landing on the moon’s south pole not only showcases its technical prowess but also highlights its growing influence in space exploration, paving the way for a brighter future in the global space community.

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